At the bottom of Independence Park, nearby the ancient cemetery for Moslem notables located there, the Mamilla Pool lies empty most months of the year. The rains of winter fill this Herodian water reservoir - reputedly built by Pontius Pilate - which led water to the Old City along a 750m aqueduct throughout the ages and up until the War of Independence in 1948. Immediately after, the Jerusalem municipality tried unsuccessfully to connect the pool to the Jerusalem water supply using a diesel generator, and coated the pool with cement.
This is also the location of the massacre of a large number of Christians in the year 614 - following the Persian capture of Jerusalem from the Byzantines. The late Ottoman saw the emergence from the Old City Walls and the beginning of a commercial area spanning between the Jaffa Gate and the Mamilla Pool, later referred to as the Mamilla Neighborhood - today's site of the Mamilla-Alrov Quarter complex.
With the first rains, the pool comes to life, sporting a host of crabs of different kinds, frogs, insects and a complete ecosystem. During Spring, it becomes a haven for migrating birds
throughout the city.
King George st. and Agron st.