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Qumran

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An historic/archaeological site. This important site lies on the Dead Sea shore and includes the remains of a village and caves where the famous Dead Sea scrolls were discovered. Early settlement at Khirbet Qumran began in the 8th century and occupied c.186BCE and 70AD by the sect (almost certainly the Essenes attested to in Josephus, Pliny and Philo) that produced the corpus now known as the "Dead Sea Scrolls".

Depending on estimates, the compound housed anything up to 200 men living out the Jewish cycle of prayer in privacy, celibacy in direct opposition to the Temple priests in Jerusalem. The site serves as an almost perfect illustration of the practical implications of the doctrine set down in the sect's writings.




 

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