Since the days of yore, Mount Carmel has been a symbol of beauty. It is a particularly suitable location for family hikes and recreation pastimes all year round.
Mount Carmel is not particularly high. Its peak only reaches 546 meters above sea level. Mount Carmel is sprawled between the Menashe Plateau in the south, the Haifa Bay in the north and the Jezreel Valley on the east. Its borders are very clear, and create an independent unit that reaches 32 square kilometers
Its proximity to the sea gives the mountain large quantities of precipitation, which enable the growth of well developed Mediterranean groves. In spring, bloom is especially diverse and colorful: approximately 670 different species of plants grow on this mountain.
During the Carmel’s geological development, many types of rocks were formed. Most of them are marine sedimentary rocks, created as a result of the accumulation of remains of animals in the ancient sea. At that time, when the entire area was submerged in the sea, the Carmel region had several volcanic eruptions that brought Basalt rocks. Next to them, the Carmel also has rocks that were formed by skeletons of marine animals such as shellfish and corals.
The geological fractures that occurred in the area created steep escarpments, the most impressive of which is on the eastern part of the mountain, standing upright over the Jezreel Valley.
Haifa – City of the Carmel
The district city of Haifa is the third largest city in Israel. It sits on a slope facing the sea, at the top of which the Stella Maris monastery and the well-known Haifa University are located. The city hosts a variety of hotels of different grades, shopping centers, various museums, Elijah’s Cave where according to the different traditions the prophet hid from those pursuing him, the cable car from Bat-Galim to the top of the mountain, and a city that preserves the Templer period. The Templers were German settlers who built their beautiful stone houses during the 19th century. The city also holds the country’s northern main train station, and a railway museum, telling the history of trains from the Ottoman rein until today.
Still, the jewel in the crown of the city is the Baha’i temple. This serves as the Baha’i religion world center. The temple is surrounded by the largest green gardens in Israel, famous throughout the world for their beauty and uniqueness.
The article courtesy of the Israel Tour Guides Association http://www.tour-guides.co.il/itg/